PCP Phencyclidine: Facts, effects and health risks

how does pcp affect the body

It also blocks the uptake of the neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. Phencyclidine can be in crystal, powder, liquid, or tablet form. The substance may both depress and stimulate the central nervous system (CNS). Phencyclidine blocks N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the brain, which are responsible for various functions such as learning, emotions, and pain sensations. You can also call 911 or the local emergency number or go to the hospital emergency room.

how does pcp affect the body

If you ingest it orally, the effects take longer to kick in — usually 30 to 60 minutes. Most people smoke it by sprinkling it on cannabis, tobacco, or plant leaves like mint or parsley. People also dissolve it in a liquid and dip cigarettes or joints in the solution. If you or someone you know has suicidal thoughts while using PCP, call or text 988 (the national suicide hotline).

This means it acts on your brain (central nervous system) and changes your mood, behavior, and the way you relate to the world around you. Scientists think it blocks the normal actions of certain brain chemicals. Despite their success, more research is necessary to determine the most effective treatment for PCP and hallucinogen addiction. Understanding the risks of PCP use is crucial for preventing substance abuse. BetterHelp can connect you to an addiction and mental health counselor. The withdrawal effects of PCP can last several months up to a year after detox.

What Are the Side Effects of PCP?

Many PCP users are brought to emergency rooms because of PCP’s unpleasant psychological effects or because of overdoses. In a hospital or detention setting, they buspirone buspar often become violent or suicidal, and are very dangerous to themselves and to others. They should be kept in a calm setting and should not be left alone.

  1. But most PCP-related deaths result from dangerous behavior caused by delusions and other psychological effects.
  2. Chronic use and higher doses of phencyclidine may increase the risk of severe symptoms and life threatening complications.
  3. If a person ingests phencyclidine, symptoms may begin within 30–60 minutes.
  4. Addiction can also develop, as a person builds up a tolerance to the drug.

People who stop ongoing use of PCP experience drug cravings, increased appetite, headaches, sleepiness, depression, and sweating as common withdrawal symptoms. While studies are looking at options for drug treatment of PCP dependence, there are no specific approved treatments for PCP abuse and addiction. Patients may need to be hospitalized and receive behavioral treatments to address abuse issues with PCP.

PCP can also cause euphoria because it affects another chemical in the brain called dopamine. Drugs that disrupt the way the brain releases and uses dopamineare more likely to cause addiction than drugs that don’t affect dopamine. Glutamate is involved alcohol withdrawal symptoms in nearly all of the brain’s vital processes, including learning, forming memories, feeling emotions and experiencing pain. PCP disrupts how the brain’s receptors react to the chemical, according to the Center for Substance AbuseResearch.

It is important for the person to seek help, or for their loved ones to intervene, if possible. Ingesting PCP with other central nervous system (CNS) depressants, such as alcohol or prescription tranquilizers, can lead to coma. The effects of PCP vary, depending upon the amount of active drug taken and how it is taken. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. As with any recreational drug that may be injected, the risk for HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases from shared needles is a possibility. At this time, there is no medicine that can help reduce the use of PCP by blocking its effects.

Treatment Options

Chronic use and higher doses of phencyclidine may increase the risk of severe symptoms and life threatening complications. These include violent behavior, overdose, seizures, coma, and sudden death. PCP has sedative effects, and interactions with other central nervous system depressants, such as alcohol and benzodiazepines, can lead to coma or accidental overdose.

Though it’s no longer approved for use in humans, it’s still sometimes used as a tranquilizer for animals. If you do decide to use PCP, there are several steps you can take to keep yourself safe. There are also many options available for support if you are concerned about your substance use. You can also join a virtual or in-person support group and connect and share with others who’ve been through a similar experience. Currently, there’s no medication available to reduce or block PCP’s effects on your body and overall health. The behavior of a person using PCP can be dangerous to themselves and to others.

how does pcp affect the body

Most people who experience phencyclidine intoxication survive when they receive supportive care. Phencyclidine is an illegal hallucinogenic drug sometimes alcohol and the adolescent brain national institute on alcohol abuse and alcoholism niaaa called PCP or angel dust. It can cause a person to feel dissociated from their senses and environment, and can lead to severe and lasting side effects.

How Can You Prevent PCP Addiction?

A typical dose is 5 to 10 milligrams, and 10 mg has been reported to cause stupor. The effects are felt 30 to 60 minutes after oral ingestion, or a few minutes after smoking. Immediate effects last 4 to 6 hours, but a return to a normal state can take up to 24 hours.

PCP was developed in the 1950s as an intravenous anesthetic, but due to the serious neurotoxic side effects, its development for human medical use was discontinued. Ketamine (Ketalar), an anesthetic used for surgery and painful procedures was developed instead and is structurally similar to PCP. The outlook for a person with phencyclidine intoxication and toxicity can depend on a variety of factors. These include whether the phencyclidine use is chronic, the dosage, methods of use, and whether a person uses phencyclidine with other substances. This article looks at the presentation of phencyclidine intoxication, potential complications of using the substance, and signs of an overdose. These are things that you see, hear, or feel while awake that appear to be real, but instead have been created by the mind.

PCP can dangerously interact with other drugs, causing adverse effects. These interactions can lead to severely low blood pressure, seizure, coma, and death. Individuals who use the drug regularly require higher doses to feel its effects.

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